What Etruscan Sounded Like - and how we know
What Etruscan Sounded Like - and how we know
What Etruscan Sounded Like - and how we know

What Etruscan Sounded Like - and how we know - NativLang

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I'm animated about language! The history of written and spoken languages amazes me. I use stories and cartoons to bring linguistics to life. Think about it... Where do the world's writing systems come from? Does your language shape the way you think? What will Future English be like? How do you crack undeciphered scripts? What's the Latin word for jumbo jet? Subscribe for language! Playlists: 2016 ~ My favorite tales from the history of languages and writing systems. 2015 ~ Thoth's Pill highlights my Year of Writing! 2014 ~ I explain linguistic oddities in "Figuring Language Out" 2014 ~ I traveled through the eyes of local languages in "Eavesdropping Traveler" 2013 ~ I asked big questions in "What is human language?" 2012 ~ I started with linguistics & logic lessons. Pretty technical. But technically not as pretty. YOU are a big deal to me!

Video description
Italy's lost language? They gave Rome the alphabet, but we hardly know them. Here's how we pieced together the extinct language of an early Italian civilization.

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~ Briefly ~

A strange Egyptian mummy was found in the 1800s. Its bandages were filled with the letters of a book - not an Egyptian book, but a book written in an archaic Italian language known to Romans as "Etruscan". The book held a deeper mystery beyond the question of its provenance: it couldn't be read, not because the text was undeciphered but because the language was unknown.

Throughout the video we'll discover what we can (and can't) say about Etruscan sounds and words. You'll glimpse bits of Etruscan consonants, vowels, grammar, syllables, accentuation and one major change in the language's history. Along the way, I'll share tales of the hopes and frustrations of the scholars who worked through these discoveries. Finally, you'll hear the reconstructed pronunciation of an Etruscan phrase, along with a likely translation, before concluding we're still far from understanding this captivating tongue.

~ Cres ~

Art, animation, narration and some music by Josh from NativLang

Full cres for images, sfx and for claims made:

Music I did not create (see above doc for full attribution):
Jason Shaw: Sneaky Snooper, The Great Unknown
Josh Woodward: Twinklebell, Cherubs
Kevin MacLeod: Big Mojo, Return of the Mummy, The Sky of our Ancestors, Thinking Music, March of the Spoons, Rynos Theme, The Path of the Goblin King v2

What Shakespeare's English Sounded Like - and how we know

Botched rhymes, buried puns and a staged accent that sounds more Victorian than Elizabethan. No more! Use linguistic sleuthing to dig up the surprisingly different sound of the bard's Early Modern English. Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Be my patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 ~ Briefly, and without spoilers ~ I'm embarrassed to admit that this is the first time I ever really got into Shakespeare. There's a personal story here, which I'll quickly share in the video. The idea of reconstructing his pronunciation intrigued me. As I started making trips to the library and downloading old grammars, I just found the questions piling on. I did find some...

What Montezuma's Aztec Sounded Like - and how we know

The Aztecs didn't call him Montezuma. Nor Moctezuma. They didn't call chocolate "chocolate". Heck, they didn't even call themselves Aztec! Though they were an oral culture, we have an idea of what their language really sounded like. Here's why. Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Follow my progress or become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 ~ Corrections ~ As Rodrigo Chacón comments, the transitive "nicua" is not used alone. Instead, expect to find "nitlacua" (indefinite -tla-) or "niccua" (definite -c-). Here's a better illustration for building the verb: "ni___cua". ~ Are you reading instead of watching? (no spoilers) ~ He's commonly known to English-speakers as Montezuma and Moctezuma in Spanish,...

Muslim Vikings and Magic Letters: the odd history of Runes pt 1

Pillaging Vikings, huge runestones, protective amulets... Discover the linguistics behind the Norse Runes! Meet the Elder Futhark and the Younger Futhark. See how the Norse used them. Learn why the Germanic runemasters were very different from the "book and ink club" writing in medieval languages like Arabic and Latin. This is part 1 of a collaboration with The Endless Knot. Part 2 reveals the history behind the word "rune" and some surprising ways runes are relevant to English: https://youtu.be/Cl6qVHxMaDg CORRECTIONS / ADDITIONS "ALU" coin inscription originally L-R before pressed. Thanks to multiple commenters and a tweeter for mentioning. CREDITS Art and animation by Josh from NativLang. The Endless...

What Latin Sounded Like - and how we know

Classical Latin went extinct, yet we still know how to pronounce it. Proof! Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Become a direct supporter: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 Take a trip with me back to Catholic school, then back even further to old Rome. We'll see what Latin pronunciation did - and did NOT - sound like in the mouths of the Romans. Thanks to ancient authors and modern Romance languages, we'll even glimpse a range of evidence for the speech of Caesar and pauper alike! SERMO VULGARIS ALL DAY LONG, am I right? ;) ~ Credits ~ Art and animation by Josh from NativLang Music by me: closing piece, soundtrack bits from Thoth's...

Top 10 Rare Languages Still Spoken Around the World

Top 10 Rare Languages Still Spoken Around the World Subscribe: http://goo.gl/Q2kKrD // TIMESTAMPS BELOW Have a Top 10 idea? Submit it to us here! http://www.WatchMojo.com/Suggest What’s the least spoken language in the world? It might be one of these rare languages to learn. Whether it’s Archi, only spoken in a few Russian villages, Friulian, which has about 600 thousand speakers around the world, or Basque, spoken mainly near the Pyrenees mountains, these are some of the least spoken languages on the planet. WatchMojo counts down ten languages so scarce you won’t believe they’re still spoken. Interested in languages? Check out our other videos...


Docu-film promosso da IBC – Servizio Musei e Beni Culturali un film di Corrado Re, Nico Guidetti e Jeris Fochi, musiche di Francesco Landucci produzione esecutiva di Media Vision Cine & Video e Res Bellica coordinamento di Fiamma Lenzi Traduzione di The Office di Trieste John Edward Taylor - English Voice Talent

Latin vs Italian - How Much do They Actually Differ?

In this video we will study some of the differences between Italian and Latin and I'll try to give you a new perspective on the matter in question. Also at the end of the video you will have me reading two passages about the Roman Republic, one in Classical Latin and the other one in Italian, for sound comparison. Please let me know which one you like best. Thank you for watching If you like my work please consider supporting me on Patreon I would really appreciate it :) https://www.patreon.com/themetatron more info According to Roman mythology, Latin was established by a tribal...

What Happened to the British Settlers in Patagonia, Argentina and Chile? History of Y Wladfa

What happened to the British settlers in the Patagonia region of Argentina and Chile? Today we're going to discuss the major modern-day communities of British decent in South America, including the Falklands, the Welsh settlement of Y Wladfa, and other Irish, Scottish and English communities in this neck of the woods. Be sure to let me know your thoughts on the Falkland islands, as well as the British-descended communities of Patagonia, Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. Thanks for watching! Sources: http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-33682688 http://www.bbc.com/news/av/uk-wales-33694259/was-the-welsh-settlement-in-patagonia-a-success https://theculturetrip.com/south-america/chile/articles/a-brief-history-of-chiles-indigenous-mapuche-people/ https://www.falklands.gov.fk/our-people/our-history/ I don't like to do disclaimers, but no offense is intended towards Argentine people over the Falkland Islands situation. My Argentine subscribers should already...

A glimpse of teenage life in ancient Rome - Ray Laurence

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/a-glimpse-of-teenage-life-in-ancient-rome-ray-laurence Welcome to the world of Lucius Popidius Secundus, a 17-year old living in Rome in 73 AD. His life is a typical one of arranged marriages, coming-of-age festivals, and communal baths. Take a look at this exquisitely detailed lesson on life of a typical Roman teenager two thousand years ago. Lesson by Ray Laurence, animation by Cognitive Media.

The Hardest Language To Spell

Which language has the worst spelling bees? This one. Xidnaf claims Thai is "World's Most Complicated Writing System": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKVtpCByEy4 Watch me disagree. Then SUBSCRIBE for more language! https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang * SPOILER * Watch - Don't read - Unless you want answers... In this video I tackle the claim that Thai is the world's hardest writing system. Sit back as I share what it's like to learn to write Tibetan, and I think you'll change your mind. The Tibetan script is also an alphasyllabary that surrounds consonants. Tibetan also has tones to deal with. But Tibetan is much older and requires you to do some serious backflips to read and...

Tower of Babel vs Linguistics - the quest for the first language

Did one original language shatter into many? The Tower of Babel, the evolution of languages and the quest for Proto-World. Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Follow my progress or become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 This video was unlocked as a Patreon milestone goal. I appreciate the patrons who made it happen. Stay for the credits to see them! ~ For you readers ~ The Tower of Babel is one of humankind's early attempts to explain the variety of languages spoken across the earth. Thousands of years later, philologists and linguists studied the natural evolution of language. So then, what's the true story of language history? In this video,...

The Universal Language - Why Did It Fail?

Esperanto could have become the unifying language of the world. Not only that, it was genius. So what went wrong? ♥ SOURCES AND LINKS • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._L._Zamenhof • http://www.linguisticsociety.org/content/how-many-languages-are-there-world • http://www.theeuropean-magazine.com/anna-polonyi/6399-the-rise-and-fall-of-esperanto • http://www.economist.com/blogs/prospero/2013/09/esperanto-0 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breve • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet • http://esperanto.org/us/USEJ/world/index.html • http://www.ancientscripts.com/latin.html ♥ PREVIOUS VIDEO https://goo.gl/IkKiX9 ♥ SUGGESTED VIDEO https://goo.gl/OwUJqm ♥ AWESOME VIDEO https://goo.gl/Cd7vuT ♥ RECOMMENDED CHANNEL https://goo.gl/f8zayZ ♥ SOCIAL MEDIA • Instagram: https://goo.gl/bMTfPJ • Twitter: https://goo.gl/qQ60M4 • Google+: https://goo.gl/9cc5VG • Facebook: https://goo.gl/RDOifA • Tumblr: https://goo.gl/rPtSQ9 ♥ DONATE • Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/tritoxhd ♥ MUSIC • Joey Pecoraro - Tropical Smoothie • Goblins From Mars and F R A N C I S - Breathing ♥ PETER (Script, Visuals, Voice) • AKA Tritox. Look above for links ^_^ ♥ JOEY PECORARO (Background Music) • https://twitter.com/wolf___joey • https://www.instagram.com/joeypecoraro/ ♥ GOBLINS FROM MARS (Outro Music) • https://www.facebook.com/goblinsfrommars • https://plus.google.com/+GoblinsFromMars • https://twitter.com/boris_and_mike • https://soundcloud.com/goblinsfrommars •...

What Is The Most Common Crime In Different Countries?

What is the most common crime around the world? What gets people in trouble in different countries? Let's take a look in this episode of The Infographics Show: What Is The Most Common Crime In Different Countries? 🐻 SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEW CHANNEL: Fuzzy & Nutz 🐿️ ►►► http://bit.ly/fuzzyandnutz WEBSITE (You can suggest a topic): http://theinfographicsshow.com SUPPORT US: Patreon.......► https://www.patreon.com/theinfographicsshow CHAT: DISCORD.....►https://discord.gg/theinfographicsshow SOCIAL: Facebook...► https://facebook.com/TheInfographicsShow Instagram..► https://www.instagram.com/theinfographicsshow Twitter........► https://twitter.com/TheInfoShow Subreddit...► http://reddit.com/r/TheInfographicsShow -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sources for this episode: https://pastebin.com/Z2qPH5XT Some Images used under license from Shutterstock.com

Latin Language Spoken Example 5

Latin Transcript: http://www.ganino.com/search/transcript.html Latin Dictionaries: http://www.ganino.com/latin_alphabet Credit goes to Goxmyx SPQR Flag 1500 x 900 - Posted Worldwide - Out of stock Description: Salve Latin language spoken, not many good examples of Latin this is better example excerpt from the new documentary The Destiny Of Rome. Rome is found in Italy and is a great empire which gave the world its bearings, the kind of bearings worth having if you know what I mean. Being a Roman complete with proficiency in the Latin lingua is an essential part of your heritage as an earthling. As always... The West is the Best! Example 1 http://youtu.be/6_IPqniaZR0 Example 2...

Arabic Hungarians from Egypt and Sudan? History of the Magyarab: Africa's Lost Hungarian Tribe

Just how did self-proclaimed Arabic Hungarians end up in Egypt and Sudan? Today we're going to discuss a brief history of the Central European country of Hungary, the Ottoman conquests in the Balkans, and how these folks ended up so far from home. Be sure to let me know your thoughts on the Hungarians, North Africans, and the Magyarab people today. Thanks for watching! Sources: https://dailynewshungary.com/magyarabs-a-hungarian-tribe-in-africa/ http://www.conflicts.rem33.com/images/Ungarn/hunhist_III.html http://index.hu/tudomany/tortenelem/2014/02/27/kiallitas_nyilik_a_magyarabokrol/ http://muzeum.cafeblog.hu/2014/11/11/tevetarto-bedzsak-fekete-faraok-es-magyarabok-a-nilus-menterol/

The Longest Word in Any Language

Which language has the longest single natural word ever penned? Not English. ("What about Titin?" "Welsh??" * ) Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Follow my progress or become my patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 Some languages have really, REALLY long words. But they're not just full of random letters. There's a pattern to the grammar of letter-filled words that won't quit. It's called "compounding". It's a word-building strategy used in Greek, German and even Polynesian languages like Hawai'ian. It was my jarring run-in with really long words in that third language that brings me to this story. Come with me, and learn a bit about how Hawaiian words...

Hungarian explained - such long words, such an isolated language

Why is Hungarian so isolated in Europe, surrounded by unrelated languages that don't share its long words? An animated linguistic take on the history and grammar behind Hungarian's uniqueness. Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Follow my progress or become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 ~ Spoiler Alert! ~ I couldn't ignore the many commenters who've pleaded with me to give Hungarian a shot. After gathering up some grammars and purchasing Lendvai's history, The Hungarians, I see why! I just had to share this linguistic tale. This video tells two stories that intertwine. First, how Hungarian got to be such a lonely language island among Indo-European languages. Second, how...

Euroversals - Are all European languages alike?

Europe is full of languages! Actually, it may be full of ONE kind of language... Meet Standard Average European! Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Be my patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 ~ BRIEFLY ~ First, meet Whorf. (Or meet again, for some of you...) After studying Hopi and comparing it to European languages, he's sure of two things: language shapes thought, and Europe's languages can be lumped together into a single "Standard Average European". Is there such a thing as "S.A.E."? If so, what does it look like? Decades of debate followed over which languages belong and which don't, which languages are part of Europe's "periphery" and which are...

Sound of Ancient Languages

Ancient Languages: Ancient Egypt / 3100 BC - 332 BC Achaemenids / 550 BC–330 BC Ancient Greece / c. 800 BC - c. 600 AD Ancient Rome / 753 BC–476 AD Assyria / 1813 BC–612 BC Göktürks / 552 AD-744 AD Hittites / c. 1600 BC–c. 1178 BC Akkadians / c. 2334 BC - c. 2154 BC Aztec / c. 1100 AD - 1533 AD Celts / c. 517 BC - C. 100 AD Mayans / c. 2000 BC - c. 1700 AD Sumerians / 4000 BC - 2000 BC Urartu / 860 BC–590 BC Vikings / 800AD - 1066 AD

How long can a language last before it's unrecognizable? - Dyirbal Glottochronology 2 of 2

Languages change over time, but how fast? Do they all evolve at the same speed? And how long does it take before a language is no longer recognizable? Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Be my patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 ~ BRIEFLY ~ In the last video (Dyirbal Glottochronology part 1) we traveled to Australia to meet a quirky language that seemed to change way too quickly. Then Swadesh entered and told us that no, actually, all languages change at the same pace. His idea is called glottochronology, and it's been abandoned and criticized over the decades. Discover some of the reasons why language change rates do indeed vary....

Last Spartans: the survival of Laconic Greek

The story of a Greek town that I'm told still preserves the Spartan tongue. I explore why they don't speak like the rest of Greece and dig into their connection to ancient Sparta. Will their Tsakonian language survive? Subscribe for language: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=NativLang Follow my progress and become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=584038 Thanks to Vlogbrothers for their sponsorship of this video. ~ CORRECTIONS & ADDITIONS ~ The man from Leonidio is a "headmaster", not "schoolmaster". His story and links to the recordings are in my sources doc below. "hoplos researched" should read "hoplon researched" / "aspis researched" - my thanks to @Roelkonijn ~ SUMMARY ~ Ancient Greece was home to...

What will Future English be like?

English has changed in the past, but what comes next? Hop into your time machine and predict the future of our language. Along the way, we'll meet quirky creoles, living fossils and even languages with only one speaker left. Is watching too much fun for you? Read instead: http://www.nativlang.com/edutainme/future-english.php Art, audio and animation by nativlang Some images from morguefile.com Music: Go Cart & Funkorama, Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Time Passing By, Jason Shaw (audionautix.com)

What Happened to the World's Greatest Ape?

Probably twice the size of a modern gorilla, Gigantopithecus is the greatest great-ape that ever was. And for us fellow primates, there are some lessons to be learned in how it lived, and why it disappeared. Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Thanks to Julio Lacerda at 252MYA.com and Carlos Eulefi for both of their wonderful reconstructions of Gigantopithecus. Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/eonsshow Twitter - https://twitter.com/eonsshow Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/eonsshow/ References: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618215011854?via%3Dihub https://phys.org/news/2016-01-giant-ape-gigantopithecus-extinct-years.html http://projects.iq.harvard.edu/files/tanyasmith/files/10.pdf https://phys.org/news/2012-02-fossil-teeth-gigantopithecus-yunnan-guizhou-plateau.html https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs11434-011-4732-4.pdf http://www.pnas.org/content/87/20/8120.full.pdf http://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/article/1975412/king-kong-hong-kong-how-giant-ape-fossil-was-found-1930s http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1525/aa.1957.59.5.02a00080/asset/aa.1957.59.5.02a00080.pdf;jsessionid=F4D016D80B1A28F7FA846DF7BAEDF319.f01t02?v=1&t=j9vmrv8s&s=443299a6a1c787d05e6738a4b2c634e10667316c http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.23150/full http://www.midway.k-state.edu/livestock/docs/What%20is%20the%20difference%20between%20C3%20plants%20and%20C4%20plants.pdf https://www.livescience.com/53313-biggest-ape-forest-dweller.html https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Climate+change+causing+reduction+in+sizes+of+animals+and+plants%3a...-a0269950318 http://lveho.ivpp.ac.cn/kycg/lw/201404/P020140409540808768786.pdf http://www.academia.edu/download/44121888/Olejniczak_20et_20al._202008_20AJPA.pdf https://www.academia.edu/235303/Characteristics_of_Pleistocene_megafauna_extinctions_in_Southeast_Asia

Grammar Checking ISIS' French - the linguistics behind the news

** /!\ This video analyzes an Islamic State communiqué that uses controversial language to discuss a recent tragedy. ** ISIS claimed responsibility for the Paris attacks in "perfect French". Perfect... except for these mistakes. With some linguistic detective work, we can make those grammatical mistakes talk. Here's what they tell us about the statement and about the writer. NativLang is a channel all about language and linguistics: https://www.youtube.com/NativLang ISIS versus Cuneiform: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5E8f42Jr3M&list=PLc4s09N3L2h0_fj96zZLj6JJYPH71_yDs&index=11 CC-BY credits: - Paris shootings - the day after, Maya-Anaïs Yataghène - Paris attacks divided map, Veggies - Romance-speaking Europe, Scooter20 - User profile, Yogesh.n998 - İD bayrağı ile bir militan, VOA - Bataclan, Céline Fair Use: - communiqué: https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CTxC6eHXIAAGXtC.jpg - Muhammad Hamidullah:...