How does caffeine keep us awake? - Hanan Qasim
How does caffeine keep us awake? - Hanan Qasim
How does caffeine keep us awake? - Hanan Qasim
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How does caffeine keep us awake? - Hanan Qasim - TED-Ed

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TED-Ed’s commitment to creating lessons worth sharing is an extension of TED’s mission of spreading great ideas. Within TED-Ed’s growing library of TED-Ed animations, you will find carefully curated educational videos, many of which represent collaborations between talented educators and animators nominated through the TED-Ed website (ed.ted.com). Want to suggest an idea for a TED-Ed animation or get involved with TED-Ed? Visit our website at: http://ed.ted.com/get_involved. Also, consider donating to us on Patreon! By doing so, you directly support our mission and receive some pretty awesome rewards: https://www.patreon.com/teded

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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-does-caffeine-keep-us-awake-hanan-qasim

Over 100,000 metric tons of caffeine are consumed around the world every year. That’s equivalent to the weight of 14 Eiffel Towers! Caffeine helps us feel alert, focused, and energetic, even if we haven’t had enough sleep — but it can also raise our blood pressure and make us feel anxious. So how does it keep us awake? Hanan Qasim shares the science behind the world’s most widely used drug.

Lesson by Hanan Qasim, directed by Adriatic Animation.

Why do we dream? - Amy Adkins

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-do-we-dream-amy-adkins In the 3rd millennium BCE, Mesopotamian kings recorded and interpreted their dreams on wax tablets. In the years since, we haven't paused in our quest to understand why we dream. And while we still don’t have any definitive answers, we have some theories. Amy Adkins reveals the top seven reasons why we might dream. Lesson by Amy Adkins, animation by Clamanne Studio.

What would happen if you didn’t drink water? - Mia Nacamulli

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-would-happen-if-you-didn-t-drink-water-mia-nacamulli Water is essentially everywhere in our world, and the average human is composed of between 55 and 60% water. So what role does water play in our bodies, and how much do we actually need to drink to stay healthy? Mia Nacamulli details the health benefits of hydration. Lesson by Mia Nacamulli, animation by Chris Bishop.

How does money laundering work? - Delena D. Spann

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-does-money-laundering-work-delena-d-spann Money laundering is the term for any process that “cleans” illegally obtained funds of their “dirty” criminal origins, allowing them to be used within the legal economy. And the practice is about as old as money itself. But how does it actually work? Delena D. Spann describes the ins and outs of money laundering. Lesson by Delena D. Spann, animation by Juan M. Urbina.

The language of lying — Noah Zandan

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-language-of-lying-noah-zandan We hear anywhere from 10 to 200 lies a day. And although we’ve spent much of our history coming up with ways to detect these lies by tracking physiological changes in their tellers, these methods have proved unreliable. Is there a more direct approach? Noah Zandan uses some famous examples of lying to illustrate how we might use communications science to analyze the lies themselves. Lesson by Noah Zandan, animation by The Moving Company Animation Studio.

Why do some people go bald? - Sarthak Sinha

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-do-some-people-go-bald-sarthak-sinha What do Charles Darwin, Michael Jordan, and Yoda have in common? They, like many other historical and fictive individuals, are bald. Scientists have long pondered, why do some people lose their hair, and how can we bring it back? Sarthak Sinha explores the basics of baldness. Lesson by Sarthak Sinha, animation by Brett Underhill.

How does your body know you're full? - Hilary Coller

Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-does-your-body-know-you-re-full-hilary-coller Hunger claws at your belly. It tugs at your intestines, which begin to writhe, aching to be fed. Being hungry generates a powerful and often unpleasant physical sensation that’s almost impossible to ignore. After you’ve reacted by gorging on your morning pancakes, you start to experience an opposing force: fullness. But how does your body actually know when you’re full? Hilary Coller explains. Lesson by Hilary Coller, directed by Sashko Danylenko. Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible. Noa Shore, Taylor Hunter, Kyle Nguyen,...

The power of the placebo effect - Emma Bryce

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-power-of-the-placebo-effect-emma-bryce The placebo effect is an unexplained phenomenon wherein drugs, treatments, and therapies that aren’t supposed to have an effect — and are often fake — miraculously make people feel better. What’s going on? Emma Bryce dives into the mystery of placebos’ bizarre benefits. Lesson by Emma Bryce, animation by Globizco.

What happens during a heart attack? - Krishna Sudhir

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-happens-during-a-heart-attack-krishna-sudhir Approximately seven million people around the world die from heart attacks every year. And cardiovascular disease, which causes heart attacks and other problems like strokes, is the world’s leading killer. So what causes a heart attack? Krishna Sudhir examines the leading causes and treatments of this deadly disease. Lesson by Krishna Sudhir, animation by Chadwick Whitehead.

What would happen if you didn’t sleep? - Claudia Aguirre

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-would-happen-if-you-didn-t-sleep-claudia-aguirre In the United States, it’s estimated that 30 percent of adults and 66 percent of adolescents are regularly sleep-deprived. This isn’t just a minor inconvenience: staying awake can cause serious bodily harm. Claudia Aguirre shows what happens to your body and brain when you skip sleep. Lesson by Claudia Aguirre, animation by TED-Ed.

Why don't perpetual motion machines ever work? - Netta Schramm

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-don-t-perpetual-motion-machines-ever-work-netta-schramm Perpetual motion machines — devices that can do work indefinitely without any external energy source — have captured many inventors’ imaginations because they could totally transform our relationship with energy. There’s just one problem: they don’t work. Why not? Netta Schramm describes the pitfalls of perpetual motion machines. Lesson by Netta Schramm, animation by TED-Ed.

Can you solve the egg drop riddle? - Yossi Elran

Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/can-you-solve-the-egg-drop-riddle-yossi-elran The city has just opened its one-of-a-kind Faberge Egg Museum, with a single egg displayed on each floor of a 100-story building -- and the world’s most notorious jewel thief already has her eyes on the prize. Can you help the thief formulate a plan that will drop the most expensive egg she can get safely into her waiting truck? Yossi Elran shows how. Lesson by Yossi Elran, directed by Artrake Studio. Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Yuh Saito, Sarabeth...

History’s deadliest colors - J. V. Maranto

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/history-s-deadliest-colors-j-v-maranto When radium was first discovered, its luminous green color inspired people to add it into beauty products and jewelry. It wasn’t until much later that we realized that radium’s harmful effects outweighed its visual benefits. Unfortunately, radium isn’t the only pigment that historically seemed harmless or useful but turned out to be deadly. J. V. Maranto details history’s deadliest colors. Lesson by J. V. Maranto, animation by Juan M. Urbina.

Can you solve the pirate riddle? - Alex Gendler

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/can-you-solve-the-pirate-riddle-alex-gendler It’s a good day to be a pirate. Amaro and his four mateys – Bart, Charlotte, Daniel, and Eliza have struck gold – a chest with 100 coins. But now, they must divvy up the booty according to the pirate code — and pirate code is notoriously complicated. Can you help come up with the distribution that Amaro should propose to make sure he lives to tell the tale? Alex Gendler shows how. Lesson by Alex Gendler, animation by Artrake Studio.

Why Europeans And Asians Evolved So Differently

Please Subscribe! http://testu.be/1FjtHn5 Early humans migrated all over the world to get us where we are today. The environments our ancestors inhabited made us all very different! + + + + + + + + TestTube Plus is built for enthusiastic science fans seeking out comprehensive conversations on the geeky topics they love. Host Trace Dominguez digs beyond the usual scope to deliver details, developments and opinions on advanced topics like AI, string theory and Mars exploration. TestTube Plus is also offered as an audio podcast on iTunes. + + + + + + + + Trace Dominguez on Twitter...

What causes kidney stones? - Arash Shadman

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-causes-kidney-stones-arash-shadman The biggest kidney stone on record weighed more than a kilogram and was 17 centimeters in diameter. The patient didn’t actually swallow a stone the size of a coconut; kidney stones form inside the body. So how do they grow in the first place? And why are they so painful to get out? Arash Shadman shares the science behind kidney stones. Lesson by Arash Shadman, directed by TED-Ed.

Why incompetent people think they're amazing - David Dunning

Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-incompetent-people-think-they-re-amazing-david-dunning How good are you with money? What about reading people’s emotions? How healthy are you, compared to other people you know? Knowing how our skills stack up against others is useful in many ways. But psychological research suggests that we’re not very good at evaluating ourselves accurately. In fact, we frequently overestimate our own abilities. David Dunning describes the Dunning-Kruger effect. Lesson by David Dunning, directed by Wednesday Studio, music and sound by Tom Drew. Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be...

Why is it so hard to cure cancer? - Kyuson Yun

Download a free audiobook and support TED-Ed's nonprofit mission: http://adbl.co/2gauxND Check out Siddhartha Mukherjee's "The Emperor of All Maladies": https://shop.ed.ted.com/collections/ted-ed-book-recommendations/products/the-emperor-of-all-maladies-a-biography-of-cancer View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-is-it-so-hard-to-cure-cancer-kyuson-yun We’ve harnessed electricity, sequenced the human genome, and eradicated smallpox. But after billions of dollars in research, we haven’t found a solution for a disease that affects more than 14 million people and their families at any given time. Why is it so difficult to cure cancer? Kyuson Yun explains the challenges. Lesson by Kyuson Yun, directed by Artrake Studio. Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video...

The history of tea - Shunan Teng

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-history-of-tea-shunan-teng Tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water –– and from sugary Turkish Rize tea to salty Tibetan butter tea, there are almost as many ways of preparing the beverage as there are cultures on the globe. Where did this beverage originate, and how did it become so popular? Shunan Teng details tea’s long history. Lesson by Shunan Teng, animation by Steff Lee.

Is it bad to hold your pee? - Heba Shaheed

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/is-it-bad-to-hold-your-pee-heba-shaheed Humans should urinate at least four to six times a day, but occasionally, the pressures of modern life force us to clench and hold it in. How bad is this habit, and how long can our bodies withstand it? Heba Shaheed takes us inside the bladder to find out. Lesson by Heba Shaheed, animation by Artrak Studio.

Poison vs. venom: What's the difference? - Rose Eveleth

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/venom-vs-poison-what-s-the-difference-rose-eveleth Would you rather be bitten by a venomous rattlesnake or touch a poisonous dart frog? While both of these animals are capable of doing some serious damage to the human body, they deliver their dangerous toxins in different ways. Rose Eveleth sheds light on the distinction between poison and venom (and why you shouldn't treat either one like you've seen in the movies). Lesson by Rose Eveleth, animation by TED-Ed.

How do animals experience pain? - Robyn J. Crook

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-do-animals-experience-pain-robyn-j-crook Humans know the surprising prick of a needle, the searing pain of a stubbed toe, and the throbbing of a toothache. We can identify many types of pain and have multiple ways of treating it — but what about other species? How do the animals all around us experience pain? Robyn J. Crook examines pain in both vertebrate and invertebrate animals. Lesson by Robyn J. Crook, animation by Anton Bogaty.

The rise and fall of the Berlin Wall - Konrad H. Jarausch

Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-rise-and-fall-of-the-berlin-wall-konrad-h-jarausch On August 13, 1961, construction workers began tearing up streets and erecting barriers in Berlin. This night marked the beginning of one of history’s most infamous dividing lines: the Berlin Wall. Construction continued for a decade as the wall cut through neighborhoods, separated families, and divided not just Germany, but the world. Konrad H. Jarausch details the history of the Berlin Wall. Lesson by Konrad H. Jarausch, directed by Remus & Kiki.

Meet the tardigrade, the toughest animal on Earth - Thomas Boothby

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/meet-the-tardigrade-the-toughest-animal-on-earth-thomas-boothby Without water, a human can only survive for about 100 hours. But there’s a creature so resilient that it can go without it for decades. This 1-millimeter animal can survive both the hottest and coldest environments on earth, and can even withstand high levels of radiation. Thomas Boothby introduces us to the tardigrade, one of the toughest creatures on Earth. Lesson by Thomas Boothby, animation by Boniato Studio.

Why are sloths so slow? - Kenny Coogan

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-are-sloths-so-slow-kenny-coogan Sloths spend most of their time eating, resting, or sleeping; in fact, they descend from their treetops canopies just once a week, for a bathroom break. How are these creatures so low energy? Kenny Coogan describes the physical and behavioral adaptations that allow sloths to be so slow. Lesson by Kenny Coogan, animation by Anton Bogaty.